Watermelon Farming is native to Africa, but these juicy fruits are also widely grown in India. This fruit needs warm temperature up to 80 degree, it prefer long growing season. Gardeners can grow short season verities in starting cold seasons by planting seeds indoor. There are different varieties so the maturity range from 70 to 90 days.
If the climate is warmer, you can sow seeds outside for the upcoming season. If you want quality harvest then wait until the temperature reaches 70 degree for better germination.
If you are going to transplant, then make sure there is no frost because this plant don’t like it. You can wait two weeks after the last frost. Watermelon Farming can be done in cooler temperature but the condition is, you have to grow indoors. They prefer Amend soil that has seaweed, and keep in consideration that the plant is a heavy feeder.
Soil pH scale should be between 6 and 6.8, you can grow it in rows, just ensure there is good drainage that can withstand heat for long. Plant6 by 6 in rows and columnsso that they have enough space.
This plant likes well-drained, loamy soil, so you need to handle them carefully. Once planted, you can cover them using row covers to keep the pest away, you can remove covers when there are flowers on both females and males.
Taking care of Watermelon farming
If you provide mulch along with black plastic, it will serve well. It can warm soil and help in growth. Watermelon Farming need up to 2 inch of water every week, keep watering until there is fruit. There should be no waterlogging, but soil should be moist. Give water in morning, don’t give water to leaves, and reduce water when you see fruits. If weather is dry, watermelons will grow to be sweet. This plant is a heavy feeder so give more nitrogen as compare to potassium and phosphorus. When there are flowers, decrease nitrogen, you can use liquid seaweed.
Health Benefits of Watermelon
- Watermelons can reduce accumulation of fat cells. There is amino acid that helps our kidneys.
- Lycopene inside the watermelon is good for our cardiovascular health, it is one of the major factor for bone growth.
- It is rich in phenolic compounds, these can aid to decrease inflammation and get rid of free radicals.
- It is a natural diuretic that increase urine flow, and doesn’t harm kidneys.
- It is rich with potassium, which acts as an electrolyte to regulate actions of muscles and nerves.
- It can produce pigments that are in retina of our eye, and prevent age related degeneration and blindness.
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