Ginger Farming is a Super Profitable business
using this guide you Learn how to grow, investment requirements, profit on per acre and other information.
Step by Step guide on Ginger Farming:
Ginger is one of the essential parts of any Indian household not just because it is a flavoring but also because of its remedial properties. It can cure so many diseases that make it all that more important. As a local Indian crop, its roots lay in China when it carried to India via the Silk Route.
India is the world`s largest producers of Ginger, and its farming in India is speeding very fast. Ginger farming is beneficial and is commercially undertaken in almost all the states but specifically in hill states like Himachal, Uttarakhand, Hilly UP, Jammu and Kashmir and North East. It also grows wonderfully in southern states of Kerala, Karnataka, and others. In India, all the three varieties of Ginger namely Suprabha, Suruchi and Surari grew extensively.
Which is the top producer of Ginger in this World: Most of the countries that are the top contributor of Ginger are India, China, Nepal and other few Asian countries.
Which state is best for growing Ginger in India: Since our country is a perfect place to grow Ginger, therefore most of the states have a favorable climate. Ginger typically is grown in states like Kerala, Orissa, Arunachal Pradesh, etc.
Common names of Ginger in Asian Countries:
Allam in Telugu,
Adrak in Hindi
Khing in Thai,
Halia in Malaysia,
Inguru in Sri Lanka,
Inji in Tamil.
How much it cost per acre to grow Ginger:
As per rough calculation, it can cost about Rs 2.75 lakh to cultivate ginger on a one-acre land. And if farmer follows the scientific way to grow ginger, then the farmer could have about 16,000 to 18,000 kg of production.
How much profit can earn from ginger farming business:
Price on local Market ( a place where vegetables sold in bulk) vary from state to state, however, can expect at least Rs 35 to 40 per kg. Therefore based on above calculation, a farmer could earn at least Rs 5,60,000 (16,000 kg * Rs 35) and farmer deduct the total expenses of Rs 3 lakh (including other misc expenses) then also can earn about Rs 2,60,000 net profit.
Land Selection for ginger farming
Ginger is nutrient exhausted and needs a lot of moisture for growth thus the area should be selected at a place where the soil is nutrient rich, and water availability is necessary. Land needs to be flat, but at the same time, it needs to have the capacity to contain the complex root system as ginger is a root crop. The land should also be in an area where movement is not a restriction. Also, the wind system of the area must not be intense otherwise the tender first leaves may get damaged.
Favorable Climate for Ginger farming
Ginger grows best in temperatures ranging between 28-35 degrees Celsius. The heat should also not be very high otherwise the crop might get damaged. The humidity needs to be high as the plant needs moisture. Ginger is mainly cultivated up to a height of 1500m and rainfall must be above 200cms at least. Dry spells can damage the crop thus availability of irrigation facility is a must for Ginger.
Ginger is best grown in Early May and continues up until year end and is ripe in January. The most important reason is that it is the time when the monsoon arrives in most parts of the country, and the early heavy rains are good for the crop. Land must be prepared well in advance before the planting begins by developing the bed. The area must be turned at least five times to evenly distribute the soil and also to mix the nutrients regularly.
Ginger is a root crop. Thus it must be protected against the competitor weeds. Beds of about one-meter width, along with 15-cm height and of any convenient length prepared at a space of 40-50 cm in between beds.
Ginger needs nutrient rich soil which needs to be sufficient moisture. Ginger thrives best in well-drained soils like sandy or clay loam, red loam or lateritic loam. Natural manures should be applied in advance to mix thoroughly in the ground.
Fertilizers must be carefully chosen and should be rich in nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus. Soil should be tested at the testing center to determine the should health and also the desired nutrient content. As Ginger is an underground crop, the soil must be able to hold the around and not give away.
Cultivation Methods for Ginger
Traditional methods include planting the seeds into beds and then allowing them to grow but modern technology also allows for machinery to implant semi developed root systems into the soil by way of pressure.
The traditional methods included all manual labor, but modern technology involves the use of large machinery. Machinery should only be employed if you target large customer reach and have a ready market available. The farm design also plays a major role in the type of machinery you require.
Mulching the beds with green leaves is the most important operation for ginger. Ginger needs large quantities of nutrients thus mulching is essential. Mulching is a process in which grass laid around the young plant to stop the growth of any weed and to keep the moisture of the soil inside. Besides a source of organic fertilizer, mulching prevents cleaning of soil, maintains soil moisture, smothers weed growth and enhances the physical characteristics of the ground.The first stage of mulching should be done during the first days of the planting and then every 60 days after that as the grass may dry up and soil might. A soft mound of soil can be used besides the crop to use for mulching, and in the second mulching, soil can reduce.
Harvesting Ginger Crop
Ginger is time taking it begins to grow in the sixth month. Ginger gives green ginger which is still raw but to achieve dry, coarse ginger, it takes about 8- 9 months.
Green Ginger can be harvested and can be sun dried as well. On an average, the per hectare yield of Ginger is 15 to 20 tonnes. Harvesting must be done during a dry spell to protect the crop from getting wet which might result in it getting destroyed.
Ginger has a thin skin thus rubbing it hard is not permissible. Harvesting must do by judging the depth of the out grown leaves. Also in some states, a yellowing leaf is a marker of the ripening of the crop. The crop should never be let to stand harvested for more than a few hours otherwise the young root system can become shocked of the changed environment.
Market for Ginger
Ginger is not unusual to Indian food thus the market is readily available. All the main whole sale Shops are accessible markets for the crop along with dedicated wholesalers who deal in spices. Dried ginger is a fantastic ingredient of Garam Masala and used in preparing Tea Masala. Ginger is an essential ingredient in ginger garlic pastes the base of all Indian curries. Ginger also used in Ayurvedic Medicines like cough syrups and throat and stomach medicines. It is also readily sold out in restaurants and hotels which are big consumers of the spice.