Rice Cultivation is one of the important crops of India, which covers fourth of total agriculture and provide food to approximately half of the Indian population. It is one of the stable food that is eaten in east and south part of the country. There are more than 10 thousand varieties of rice worldwide, from which about 4000 are grown in India. In Asian alone, more than 60 percent people get their regular calories from rice and products made from it. By recognizing the importing of rice, United Nations declared 2004 as the international year of rice.
It all comes down to how the rice is cultivated and refined to make it of high quality. India is one of the countries which produce rice in various qualities, here is how the rice cultivation works in different parts of the country.
Rice Cultivation Methods
There are many rice cultivation methods practiced in India, some of the most common methods used are as under.
- Broadcasting method: In this method, seed are broadcast using hands, it is practiced in areas which are dry and fertile. This method is good for those land lords who don’t have much labour for the fields. It is one of the easiest methods, because it require minimum input, and the output is also minimum.
- Drilling: In this method, land is plough and then seeds are sow by two farmers. It is mostly used in Peninsular India.
- Japanese method: This method require high variety of seeds. Sowing them in raised nursery, and then transferring the seeds in rows so that they can be fertilize easily. It require high dose of fertilizers so that final product is of high quality. This Japanese method of rice cultivation has been adopted in many regions of India, it is one of the effective method which return quite good amount of money to farmers.
- Transplantation: It is practiced on lands which have fertile soil and a lot of rainfall. It require quite good number of labour so it is one of the expensive methods. It require sowing seeds in nursery and then they are prepared. Once the seeds are uprooted, within 5 weeks, they are planted in fields. The land is also prepared in advance so that final product is of high quality, full process is done manually by hands. It is one of the difficult methods that require heavy input, but it returns heavy amount of yield.