plantation agriculture in kerala region cultivated by semi skilled people under central direction. The term surfaced during European colonization in tropics and subtropics of new world. At that time when tracts of crops were cultivated by labours, it become economic mainstay. The tropical plantation is among oldest commercial agriculture, it started in 1500 AD, and since then dozens of crops have been in demand constantly.
Plantation Agriculture in Kerala
Most of the people in Kerala depend on agriculture for living. Some of the major crops that they rely on are pepper, Cassava, Coconut, paddy, and rubber. These crops give a distinct agricultural value to Kerala, nearly 70% of India’s coconut comes from Kerala. Besides coconut, Cashew, cardamom, and Alappuzha are some of the major crops that facilitates Kerala’s economy.
Kerala is a producer of spice, it has been doing spice trade for more than 3000 years. Spices are among the reasons why foreigners are attract to the country. Approximately 96% of the total pepper of India is produced in Kerala. Some of the major spices from Kerala are clove, turmeric, cardamom, and nutmeg. Among many, Cardamom is exported outside the country in large quantities that benefits the country.
Features of Plantation Agriculture in Kerala
There are many crops produced plantation agriculture in kerala, but the main source of the income rely on coconut shell artifacts. Among crops that are most popular is cashew, which is favorite of many tourists that visit the city. Kerala produces 91% of the rubber for India, which is mainly grown in Kottayam district. Besides rubber, banana is also produced in large quantity, ranging from green, yellow, and red. Kerala is one of the cities blessed with a soulful soil, growing large number of spices, coconuts, and vegetables, which are exported locally and internationally.
The economy of Kerala has went through structural transformation from mid-level to large because of the crops, mainly devoted to rice, coconut, and rubber. India is considered as fourth largest rubber exporter having total of 9% share in the world. Out of total Kerala’s geographical area, 54% of it is used in agriculture. Among the total percentage, around 28% is occupied by forest, which means up to 82% is either agriculture or forest. However, there is much to be done in the agricultural field, irrigation system still rely on surface water resources and current system may not be enough to bring the full potential of these crops.
plantation agriculture in kerala
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