Step by step guide on mango farming including techniques, procedure, and tips.
India is a leading country for growing mango. These are leading mango production states.
UP, Jharkhand, Bihar, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh. And mango business always has a never-ending demand in the market. Fresh mango used for making Pickle which has a high demand.
Are you looking for a successful Business in a minimised cost?
Are you interested in investing to the Agricultural genre? if yes this is for you.
Mango farming is one of the most efficient choices for it with low cost of maintenance, and the King of fruit will never let you down if you cultivate it correctly and scientifically.
Besides its aroma and lip-smacking taste, it also contains vitamin A and C, digestible sugar, fat fiber, minerals, calcium and also a healthy source of protein.
Capital to Start Mango Farming
To start mango farming
First, you need a capital which obviously is not a huge amount. If you have a minimum amount of fund and land with you, you can start your farming. Or else there are so many banks, both private and nationalized bank, in the market to provide you a quality amount of loan with full security. These kinds of agricultural loans come up with different scheme mainly from nationalized banks, which help you to pay fewer taxes.
Selection and Variety of Mango Breeds
When you are ready with enough capital, next, you need to look for best of the mango varieties. There are thousands of varieties worldwide. Different types of mangoes are grown from the different region in India due to different soil culture and climate.
Golap Khas etc.
Popular breeds found in the market.
It is the tastier mango with a rich aroma and delicious sweetness. Amrapali is the dynamic goblin kind of mango with a late bearing and also with a regular variety. More than 1600 Amrapali plants can accommodate in the space of one hectare.
It is a high-quality mango with a stunning look. Cadmium color medium sized mango Mallika has come with an electrifying taste. It is a regular type of bearer.
It is a hybrid mango. There is a cross between Bagnanpalli and Alphonso. It is so yummy and inhabits it is a usual behavior. In size, it is a fairy. IN one hectare of place, almost four hundred trees can superbly accommodate.
The Large size and the beautiful color is the key feature of the fruit. In the taste, it is sweeter, and no fiber is present in the pulp. There also no spongy tissue in the pulp and the percentage of the pulp in the mango is almost 73%.
It’s called king of mangoes. It was delightful and enriched with vitamin A & C. you will find this breed mainly in Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra.
Land Selection for Mango Farming
After selecting your area, you need to prepare the ground properly by deep tilling and after that by process of harrowing. Now you need to start the leveling method of your land.
Make some gentle slope for the little drainage system. Also need to look into the pH level of the soil, which should not exceed 7.8. Preferably slightly acidic soil with 5.5 to 7.5 pH levels is suitable for mango farming.
The space between two mango trees varies from one place to another, which depends on upon soil and climate. In the place, where the weather is dryer the gap between two trees should be approximately 10mX10m whereas it will be approx 12mX12m in a coastal zone. Few hybrids, for example, Amrapali could be planted in a closer gaping.
Favorable Climate for Mango Farming
King of fruit can be cultivated in both tropical and sub-tropical climate approximately from 1300m to 1400m height from sea level. Rain & Frost could be very harmful during flowering. A superior rainfall and dry summer are beneficial for its better size and quality. 22 to 27-degree centigrade is the ideal temperature for its growth. Areas with high wind could avoid for mango farming.
Best Season to Plant Mango trees
Once you have finalized the land and clean up the area, then it comes to the point where you have to think about the best planting season for the mango trees. As per research, the best timing to plant the mango trees fall between July to September month.
Nutrition for Mango Farming
Age of the Mango Plant Fertilizer Quantity
1st Year 100 gram of Nitrogen, 50g. P2O5 (Phosphorus pentoxide), 100g. K2O (Potassium oxide)
10th Year 1kg. Nitrogen, 500g. P2O5, 1kg. K2O
11th Year Same as above
The young mango plants need regular water for a proper setup. For the grown up mango trees, the treatment is entirely different. For improving the yield to set up the mango fruits for maturity, 10 to 15 days gaping irrigation is aptly perfect. No irrigation is required before two to three months of flowering though it probably promotes the growth of vegetables at the outflow of flowering.
Diseases of Mango Trees & Different Fertilizers
After flowering, the plants need 4-5 years for harvesting. During this period you need to be very careful about diseases, those can destroy the plants as well as the fruits. So you have to be cautious about few Fungal & Bacterial diseases like black banded diseases, black mildew, black rot, etc.So be sure to fertilize and trim your plants appropriately and follow proper method to clean them. During this whole period decomposed organic manure can be used each year, along with FYM, urea, Superphosphate, Sulfate of potash, etc., which are different fertilizers use in mango farming.
How long it takes to grow Mango tree?
Depending on the variety of mango, it can take about 04 to 06 years to start fruit. However, it might take 07 to 08 years for producing a right amount of mangos.
How many mango trees planted in one acre of land?
If you follow scientific farming method, then you can plant about 75 to 80 trees in one acre of land,
However, if you want to utilize the full area of the land than about 60 mango trees can plant on per acre, that can also be used for intercropping, like growing vegetables on rest areas.
Which are the popular states in India where organic mango is favorable?
Our country India considered as the best place for growing mango, however below are the most preferred states:
There is a real demand for Mango fruit across the world from India, United States, UK, Australia to rest part of the world. Since growing mango requires little capital and effort, therefore mango farming is a profitable business.
Apart from that, mangoes used in making salads, Pickles, Ripe mangoes used in making Lassi, Mocktails in the restaurant, fresh mango with Ice-cream is a traditional dessert; Mango Murabba is also not to forget sweet, Mango also used in few curry dish in homemade recipes and also in the restaurant.
Mangos also use to make fresh & bottled juices. Well, known soft drinks companies also make mango base drinks. However, the best way to enjoy it is to jump into it, peel it through your teeth and bite it, lick the juice with your tongue and feel the heaven in your mouth.