green house farming in india is a structure where plants are given an ideal environment to get maximum benefits from farming. There are various type of structures, from small size sheds to large industry size buildings for farming vegetables. The interior of a greenhouse is kept in a way that becomes warmer than temperature outside, it protect vegetables from variable weather conditions.
green house farming in india is not only limited to vegetables, there are many farmers using it for growing flowers and other plants. Greenhouse farming is usually equipped with screening installations, cooling systems, heating, lighting, and many controlled features that are optimized to grow plants.
Benefits of green house farming in india
There are many countries using greenhouse technology for their benefit, it can boost the rate at which plants grow, while saving the money and resources.
- If greenhouse production is carried proficiently, it can increase the rate of yield. If comparing the result of yield from greenhouse farming and field production, the result will be four times that of field production.
- Using greenhouse technology, the time of harvest can be reduced significantly. It has been observed that greenhouse methods are 8 times efficient as compare to open field farming. This allow farmers to come up with volume of production every month.
- Crops that are produced in open air are effected by disease, pests, and other natural disasters. While greenhouse farming is completely safe from such things, it can increase production and at the same time reduce production costs of crops.
- Farming using greenhouse technology reduces the cost of pesticides. As a result there will be quality production with optimized plantation and nutrition products. Greenhouse is covered with mesh screen to keep disease and pests away from crop, there is strict monitoring system that keep tract of plant production. There are many diseases that can be reduce by controlling the light entering in green house.
Greenhouse vegetation has huge benefits but there are several challenges need to consider to achieve perfection. Several things need to work in collaboration, such as light, watering, plant health, and condition of soil to ensure final product is of high quality.
The medium of plantation has most significant value for maximum production. There are different type of soils, some contain pathogens that can reduce the final quality of product. There is a high risk of nutrition which can make crop tasteless and of low quality. Although there are many countries using greenhouse technology, but more research is needed to produce quality crops.