A complete guide on Coconut Farming for the Beginners – find out how to grow, techniques, investment & space requirement, the profit margin in India . Coconut is one of the most spiritual and auspicious agricultural product which has been in use since history recorded.
Coconut is one of the amazing fruit as it can be used for absolutely anything.
The tree provides shade, and the nuts and the leaves used as fiber and manufacturing of plates. Moreover, its water is a great energy drink while its flesh is a source of food, oil, and cream.
No other crop is so diverse than the coconut. Primarily a coastal plant it grows on high slim trees along the shores especially. It grows mainly in Tamil Nadu, Kerela, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Orrisa, West Bengal, Assam, Bihar, and Gujrat. The nut exported in all forms, and the water used within the country for varied methods.
However, before going for commercial cultivation of coconut, it is important to keep the following factors in mind.
How to start Coconut Farming?
If you have a good enough space and don’t want to put much effort, then coconut farming business could be the best option for you. It requires little investment and gives high returns, therefore, coconut farming is a profitable business.
Let’s find out what things needed to start coconut plantation and cultivation.
Land Selection for Coconut Farming
Coconut is a typical tropical plant and needs lots of space and water to grow. The land for the same should be large enough to accommodate more than a hundred trees to make the cultivation viable. Coconut needs specific temperatures thus go for an area which is near the coast and has free-flowing wind effect.
Land should be leveled and not elevated as it would make cultivation difficult. Land should also carefully financed as buying it would be better than leasing it as the crop is bound to increase its net worth in about five years.
Climate required for Coconut Farming
Coconut loves lots of sun and humidity, and thus it is best grown in the environment that is near the coast. Attempting cultivation in drier and less hot areas can be a bad option.
The average temperature required for coconut cultivation is between 28-40 degrees Celsius. High humidity is always preferable with rainfall above 2000 mm in a year. However, the production also depends greatly on the variety of coconut cultivated.
Farm design for growing Coconut trees
The farm should develop when you want to increase coconut. The farm should amply space and that there should be scope to grow multiple varieties to reduce pest risk.
The farm should be first enclosed from all sides as the crop is a great thief attractor.
After attaching the farm should be divided horizontally and vertically at an equal distance of about 8 to 10 meters on both sides and this is very important as the crop would grow and would need space to fruit properly and get adequate sunshine at all times.
A seedling growing and transplanting area should be demarcated to keep the transplants smooth and comfortable. The farm should also have sufficient space in between for labor to move freely and quickly.
Soil requirements for Coconut Farming
Coconut can grow on a variety of soils like alluvial, clay, sandy, coastal, loamy and even established grounds.
The soil should be water holding and should not be hard on the surface.
Coconut needs potassium, and thus before planting the trees, it is important to test the soil and apply all the necessary fertilizers and manures which can range from dung to even coconut husk to nourish the ground.
The soil needs to be turned and broken down properly to loosen it out before planting. The soil can arrange in small beds of about 50 cm, and a side pit can be dug up of about ten cms which can support the application of additional manures and also help keep the moisture inside.
Spacing for Coconut Farming
Spacing is an important phenomenon associated with the cultivation of coconut.
Spacing can do in star formation of pedagogically, octagonally, in a square, rectangle, diagonally or any other way that keeps the symmetry of the farm elegant.
Spacing is essential as it is the reason for the trees to spread and grow universally and also allows the nuts to grow efficiently and across the surface properly.
Irrigation is perhaps the most important aspect of coconut cultivation. The crop needs vast quantities of water, and it does not compromise on this.
The atmospheric rainfall and humidity are always advantageous, but at the same time the supply of groundwater is essential and needs a dedicated water supply.
At regular intervals of about two days, the roots should be watered thoroughly to provide the necessary moisture.
Intercropping for COCONUT FARMING
Intercropping is also another feature with coconut cultivation can be practiced, and additional income source can generate.
As the crop grown in coastal areas spices such as cloves, nutmeg, cinnamon, papaya can be planted in between the main trees and can cultivate till the time the main trees are ready to fruit.
Coconut fruits are ready in about three months after they placed into the ground. However, the calculation to pick it is critical.
It depends completely on the use the plant can put. If it planted for water, then middle ripened fruit should pick, for oil late matured, for flesh late ripened, for hard nut very late ripened and for cream late to very late ripening.
The variety of the crop also determines when it has to pick. The harvesting process must begin early morning or late evening under the proper light as climbing on the tree can be risky in shade light.
Certain large farms use mechanised equipment like shakers and long climb supporters to ease the picking.
Question: How much fruits can expect from a coconut tree?
Answer: A well-grown coconut tree can produce about 70 to 80 fruits every year. Therefore if you planted about 200 coconut trees on your farm, then you can expect approx 14,000 fruits every year. Moreover, if sold it in a mandi @ Rs 7 (keeping at minimum) then also you can easily earn Rs 98,000 surely.
Question: How much time it requires growing a coconut tree to harvest fruit?
Answer: It can take anything from 6 to 8 years to grow fruits.
Where to sell Coconut?
The market for coconut is elaborate, and the crop put to a variety of use. Contractors and wholesalers are available everywhere, and the crop is readily saleable.
Large processing houses also buy directly from growers. Oil companies also have a direct contract with the farmers who grow specific varieties only.
Water processing companies purchase large quantities of coconut as it is one of the most preferred energy drink. Also, the National Coir Board is one of the biggest buyers of coconut shell hair out of which they manufacture mattresses and other related cottage industry products. Also, coconut is used extensively in Hindu festivities, and religious practices thus temple and shrine boards can also be potential business opportunities.
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