Broccoli farming (broccoli pests organic control) is famous in India, because it is easy to grow and packed with vitamins. They need little maintenance, you can have as much as two harvests per year depending on how you have planted them. Broccoli belongs to cabbage family so they need cool seasons to grow. The ideal season will be fall or spring, you can harvest them by just keeping few simple facts in consideration.
Things to Consider Before Broccoli farming
- Broccoli like well-drained and high organic soil, pH should be between 6.0 and 7.5, but it can tolerate slight alkaline. They need consistent moisture so make sure the soil is ready.
- You can grow twice per year, just need good soil, pest protection, and timely plantation.
- Broccoli likes cool weather, in some regions they can be grown in spring or fall. You can extend the harvest by cropping the head and leaving the root. You can harvest multiple times this way.
Broccoli Farming instructions - broccoli pests organic control
Select area with full sun, prepare the garden by using fork. Loosen the soil up to 15 inches, and mix 2-4 inches layer compost. Select a variety that is bolt resistant, plant them four weeks before the end of spring. Space each plant up to 18 inch apart, you can protect the plant with the help of newspaper. You can also provide windbreak so that soil don’t lose moisture.
Maintaining the Broccoli farming - broccoli pests organic control
Keep soil warm up to 75 Fahrenheit until germination. Then keep it up to 60 Fahrenheit, they need direct sun light, and when they are up to 6 weeks old, transplant 12 to 18 inches apart.
Transplant when broccoli has four to five leaves, older transplant likely to bolt. You can seed as soon as soil is ready, just make sure to plant ¾ inch deep.
broccoli pests organic control
You have to use low nitrogen fertilizer during planting, too much nitrogen can cause hollow stems.
Mulch to protect roots, make sure there isn’t weed because it can take all the moisture from soil and plant won’t get what it requires to grow. You can use floating row covers to protect the plant from insects.
If you don’t want to destroy the soil, then don’t plant broccoli more than once every two to three years. When you plant same crop more than once, then there is a chance of disease and pests. You can protect the soil by planting a different crop each year.
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